Hypertriglyceridemia is high levels of triglycerides in the blood. A triglyceride is a fatty molecule that is absorbed through the small intestine and the liver produces and secretes a small amount as well.1
Risk Factors Associated with Hypertriglyceridemia
Primary Factor: various genetic defects that lead to a disordered triglyceride metabolism1
Secondary Factors: obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, alcohol, renal disease, pregnancy, non-alcoholic fatty-liver disorder, specific medications
There is a strong relationship between hypertriglyceridemia and cardiovascular diseases. Hypertriglyceridemia is also a risk factor for pancreatitis.1
Treatment for Hypertriglyceridemia
A simple blood test can be used to assess the lipids in blood, including the triglyceride level. An initial treatment plan may include lifestyle and diet changes. Medications may also be prescribed depending on the level of triglycerides. Examples of these medications include fibrates and statins. Other possible treatment options are vitamin B3 and omega-3 fatty acids.