Diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus Type 2)
PrintEmail

Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Type 2 diabetes is formally known as diabetes mellitus type 2, and is often referred to as “T2DM.”  It is the most common form of diabetes -- an estimated 90% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease.

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

People with type 2 diabetes have difficulty processing insulin,1 a substance your body produces to process glucose2, an energy source for your body’s cells.

This causes a condition called “insulin resistance,” which leads to high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia).  High blood sugar levels occur when cells release excess glucose into your bloodstream, resulting in a wide range of symptoms.

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Type 2 diabetes symptoms include:

  • Inability to focus
  • Bloating
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Depression
  • Skin discolouration (acanthosis nigricans)
  • Increased appetite

According to the Canadian Diabetes Association, early signs of type 2 diabetes include increased thirst (polydipsia), frequent urination (polyuria), weight loss or weight gain, fatigue, sleepiness or low energy, blurred vision, frequent infections, “tingling” sensation in your hands and/or feet, slow healing of cuts and bruises, and erectile dysfunction.3

However, people with type 2 diabetes may show no symptoms at all.4

Type 2 Diabetes and Your Overall Health

Type 2 diabetes increases your risk of developing heart disease, high blood pressure (hypertension), obesity, cholesterol imbalance, sleep apnea, fatty liver disease, and certain cancers.5  Long term effects of type 2 diabetes include strokes, impaired vision or blindness, kidney failure, or amputation due to poor blood flow to the limbs.

Consult your doctor if you think you may have type 2 diabetes.  Your doctor will administer a diabetes test or “blood sugar test” before making a diagnosis.

Early type 2 diabetes diagnosis is extremely important, as it increases your chances of developing a diabetes management strategy that works for you.

Type 2 Diabetes Causes

There are several causes of type 2 diabetes.

Lifestyle factors like inactivity and poor diet can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.  People who are obese or overweight are also more likely to become diabetic .

Type 2 diabetes is also genetic – if you have a family history of this disease, you may be at greater risk.

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

Some people with type 2 diabetes may be able to manage their condition through exercise, diet, and better control of their body weight.6

There are a range of medications for type 2 diabetes, but these may not be effective for everyone.  Type 2 diabetes studies are extremely important, as they help develop better, more effective treatments.

 


1 http://www.diabetes.ca/diabetes-and-you/living-with-type-2-diabetes

2 Ibid.

3 http://www.diabetes.ca/about-diabetes/signs-and-symptoms

4 Ibid.

5 http://www.physiciansweekly.com/diabetes-comorbidities-management/

6 http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/basics/definition/con-20031902

Current studies

AR

  • Sorry no studies are available in this country.

AU

  • Sorry no studies are available in this country.

CL

  • Sorry no studies are available in this country.

US

  • Sorry no studies are available in this country.

Register for
Active Studies!

Register

All information about you will be kept confidential.

If there are no active studies for your condition, we will keep your information and contact you when a new study starts in your area.

By registering you are consenting to the terms and conditions of our privacy policy.

Find the clinic near you:

Why Take Part In a Clinical Study?

Regulatory agencies like Health Canada, Australia's Therapeutic Goods Administration and the FDA require that Clinical Research Trials be conducted in order to develop new treatments, preventions and devices for diseases or conditions. Clinical Research Trials are also referred to as Clinical Studies or Clinical Trials. read more