Bladder Cancer
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Bladder Cancer,

Bladder cancer is the 5th most common cancer worldwide.  Men are more likely to develop tumours than women and, while bladder cancer typically occurs in older adults, it can occur at any age.

The most common form of bladder cancer starts in the lining of the bladder (the organ that holds urine).  Ninety eight to ninety nine percent of all bladder cancers come from here.  The other 1-2 percent develops from the other tissues in the bladder.

The types of bladder cancers that start in the lining are:

Transitional Cell Carcinoma – by far the most common type of cancer found in the bladder.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma – rare, and usually related to chronic irritation of the lining of the bladder such as chronic catheterization or an untreated bladder stone.

Adenocarcinoma – very rare.  This cancer mimics the functions of a gland and produces mucous or other fluids.

Some potential risks for developing bladder cancer include smoking, gender, and diet. Cases of bladder cancer are more prevalent in older white men. In addition, a diet high in fried meats and fat is thought to be a contributing factor. Approximately one-half to two-thirds of patients who have their bladder cancer treated will experience a recurrence within 5 years.

Signs and symptoms of bladder cancer include:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Frequent urination
  • A constant urge to urinate despite only having a small amount of urine in the bladder

Depending on the stage of bladder cancer (how far the cancer has advanced in the body) there are different treatment options available. In addition to the stage of bladder cancer your Urologist will also consider the type of bladder cancer, your age, and overall health when determining the best treatment option. Statistics indicate that most (70%) Transitional Cell Carcinomas are diagnosed at an early stage, when it is still very treatable.

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