Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder

Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder,

Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder, or HSDD, is by far the most common female sexual dysfunction, experienced by approximately 20% of women worldwide.

HSDD is characterized by a lack or absence of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity, which lasts for some period of time. To be considered HSDD, these deficiencies must cause distress or interpersonal difficulties and cannot be attributed to another medical condition or mental disorder.

The symptoms of HSDD can be quite different from person to person. Some will suffer from many symptoms, while others may only experience one or two.

The main symptom of HSDD is a noticeable and profound lack of interest in sex. Most people with HSDD have little or no interest in sexual activity (with a partner or alone), no sexual fantasies, and little interest in sexual pleasure or intimacy.

Many find it difficult to determine if they actually have HSDD, or are merely suffering from a temporary episode of low sex drive. One of the best indicators is the length of time the feelings of decreased sexual desire last. If the lack of interest in sex lasts for a significant period of time, and becomes an issue for the sufferer or his or her partner, it is most likely HSDD.

These symptoms can obviously have an extremely negative effect on an individual and their relationship with their partner. Understandably, when sexual activity and intimacy have disappeared from the relationship, many problems may arise. Feelings of resentment, hostility, guilt, and unhappiness often occur in one or both partners.

The causes of HSDD vary, and often depend on the type of the disorder one is dealing with. Some causes of HSDD include: various health or medical problems, drug interactions, psychiatric problems, and hormone levels. In many cases, the causes of HSDD are simply unknown.

Women may relate to one or more of the different types of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder.
Lifelong or Generalized HSDD - The sufferer has little or no desire for sexual stimulation (either with a partner or alone) and never has.

Acquired/Situational HSDD – People with this type of HSDD were previously sexually interested in their present partner, but now lack sexual interest in them. They may still have desire for sexual stimulation, either alone or with someone other than their present partner.

Acquired/Generalized HSDD – This type of HSDD is seen in people that previously had sexual interest in their present partner, but now lack interest in sexual activity, either partnered or solitary.

Currently, there are no approved drugs or pharmacological treatments for HSDD and psychotherapy has proven to be only minimally effective. Thus, there is a continuing unmet clinical need to develop treatment for this condition.

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